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 Advocacy Landscape in Africa

SRHR Advocacy Funding in Africa

Abstract
As an African initiative, the Accelerator responds to the African context by supporting African-led solutions while at the same time being inclusive of global best practices in advocacy and campaigning, innovation, and learning from partners and allies across the world. The organisation recognises and works towards realising greater health, equity, and social justice as a part of a wider global movement.

Consequently, AAC desires to understand the unique symbiotic relationship between advocacy funders, advocates and community service organisations (CSOs) working in the advocacy sector in Africa and commensurate desirable outcomes for the sector. As one of the AAC's inaugural pieces of research, this report is a quantitative pan-African survey and analysis.

The researcher developed the conceptual frameworks based on interviews about advocate, CSO, funder and sector realities, achievements, and challenges with the AAC Executive Director, AAC Deputy Director, and qualitative research consultant. The study paired a quantitative approach with rigorous statistical analysis.

Advocacy Perception Parameters: Pertains to attitudes and behaviors.  Funding Volumes: Magnitude of funding  Funding Frequency: How often funding is granted.  Funding Tenure: The length in time for the performance period under advocacy grants.  Cultural tightness-looseness: Incorporates how restrictive or accepting a society is for new, different, divergent thoughts, attitudes, and behaviour in societies.  Perceived donor support: Whether advocates feel that the donor funding partner adequately provides resources for their required advocacy activities.  Perceived voice: Advocate perceptions about whether they feel comfortable to share their ideas, criticisms, and goals with donors. Programmatic autonomy: Autonomy represents a core desire of self-actualised professionals.  Funding flexibility: The degree to which donors allow for flexibility in their relationships with advocates.  Success parameters: Measures of success typically imposed by funders. Advocate felt trust: The level of trust that advocates believe donor funding partners have in them, their abilities and potential for results.  Advocate commitment: Affective commitment; Normative commitment; or Continuance commitment.  Organisation-based self-esteem: Advocates’ beliefs about their value and competence as a member of the sector. Advocacy depth: How deep advocates go in tackling SRHR advocacy issues.  Advocacy breadth: The breadth of SRHR issues advocates tackle.  Donor perceived performance: How donor funding partners define performance success of advocates and CSOs. Innovation and creativity: The pace and rate of ingenuity displayed by advocacy efforts at the organisational level.  Risk-taking: The amount of uncertainty and prospective danger tolerated within the CSOs involved in SRHR advocacy at the organisational level.  Proactiveness: The levels of preemptive, aggressive, and first-in-sector actions taken by the CSO involved in SRHR advocacy at the organisational level.

Knowledge Products

Donor Relationships
Donor funds can distort regular market supply and demand forces whereby the users of funds hold different need intentions than the provider of the funds.
Francophone v.s. Anglophone
 English-speaking African countries often receive more funding support than Francophone equivalents – a gap that the Advocacy Accelerator works to address.
Donor Flexibility
Advocates whose donors provide bottom-up flexibility are much more likely to perform their jobs better, remain committed to the advocacy sector, and help advocates in other organisations.
Reducing Advocate Turnover
 In the course of its work, the AAC has observed a trend of advocate burnout which can be attributed to risk, funding uncertainty, and funder practices.
Advocate Helping Behaviour
As funders report shrinking resources available to dedicate to advocacy, it becomes more critical for advocates and community-based organisations involved in advocacy efforts to collaborate, share ideas and techniques, combine efforts, and lobby governments, local leaders and community members together.

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